Periodontal, or gum, disease is a potentially serious condition caused by bacteria in the mouth which can eventually lead to tooth loss or worse if not properly treated with dental care services. These bacteria cause plaque deposits to form on the teeth causing inflammation of the gums known as gingivitis. It will appear as redness and swelling and sometimes bleeding of the gums. Left untreated, extreme cases of gum disease can affect bone and tissue as well.
Gum disease can be prevented with a regimen of dental care that includes regular brushing, flossing and rinsing. In conjunction with regularly scheduled professional cleanings and comprehensive checkups by your dentist, good oral hygiene can keep your gums healthy by reducing plaque-causing bacteria before it can do any damage.
As part of your evaluation, your dentist will consult with you about potential causes of gum disease that you can eliminate. A comprehensive approach to oral health is a partnership between you and your dental care team at Carolina Smiles Family Dentistry.
Symptoms and Causes of Gum Disease
The first noticeable signs of gum disease most patients experience is redness and swelling, or inflammation, in the area. There is commonly some occasional bleeding around the gum line as well. The most common culprit behind these symptoms is plaque, a byproduct of bacteria that sticks to the teeth. The buildup of plaque deposits causes the inflammation that signifies to the patient the presence of gingivitis.
Gum disease can be caused or exacerbated by poor oral hygiene–inadequate or insufficient brushing and flossing, smoking, or improper cleaning of the tooth enamel. Effective treatment should include regular brushing with a good brush and paste, flossing to remove food particles from between teeth and professional cleaning by your dentist at least twice a year. Your Carolina Smile Family Dentistry team can provide you with an oral hygiene plan that is best suited to you. Contact us today to schedule your consultation about gum disease treatment.